International Public Opinion on Climate Change: Extreme Weather and Vulnerability, 2023

Report Summary

This report presents results from an international survey, conducted in partnership with Data for Good at Meta and Rare’s Center for Behavior & the Environment, investigating public climate change knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, policy preferences, and behavior among Facebook users. The survey included responses from 139,136 Facebook monthly active users (18 years of age or older). Responses were collected from 187 countries and territories worldwide, including 107 individual countries and territories and 3 geographic groups comprising 80 additional countries and territories (for a total of 110 “areas,” which are the unit of analysis).

This report focuses on Facebook users’ experiences with and preparedness for extreme weather and climate-related hazards. It is based on data from the subset of countries and territories within the survey that are classified as “low per-capita emissions and income” based on both their below-average per-capita CO2 emissions and low per-capita income. This subset includes 150 countries and territories (totaling 73 “areas” as the unit of analysis), with a total of 99,453 observations. Interview dates: August 3 – September 3, 2023.

For all media and other inquiries, please email:

Yale Program on Climate Change Communication: Lisa Fernandez ( and Michaela Hobbs (

Data for Good at Meta: Eric Porterfield (

Rare’s Center for Behavior & the Environment: Zach Lowe (

Correction: A new version of the PDF of the report, with updated maps on p. 10, was inserted on March 26, 2024 at 3:30 pm U.S. Eastern Time (19:30 GMT).

Cover photo by Dhana Kencana / Climate Visuals